10 “Have them make an ark of acacia wood—two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high. 11 Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it. 12 Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other. 13 Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. 14 Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry it. 15 The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed. 16 Then put in the ark the tablets of the covenant law, which I will give you. Exodus 25:10-16
Remember that the Lord said to Moses in verse 9, “Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings EXACTLY like the pattern I will show you. The tabernacle of the Lord where His presence would dwell and He would meet with His people.
Exodus 25:10 – 30:6 gives the EXACT directions of how to construct the tabernacle and furnishings. We will not look at the detail of each piece but the ark as described above is of most important.
It was to be a rectangular chest built from acacia wood (2’3″ wide, 3’9″ long, and 2’3” high). The chest was to be overlaid inside and out with gold. The chest was to be mounted on four legs and have four rings. Two gold-covered poles were to made to fit through the rings so the chest could be carried from place to place.
Moses was to place the two stones tablets with the Testimony written on them inside the ark (Exodus 25:16, 21). The ark also contained a jar of manna (Exodus 16:33) and Aaron’s rod (Numbers 17:10). It is also known by different names within the Bible:
- the ark of Testimony – Exodus 25:22
- the ark of the covenant of the Lord – Numbers 10:33
- the ark of God – 1 Samuel 3:3
- the ark of the Lord – Joshua 3:15
- the ark of the Sovereign Lord God – 1 Kings 2:26
- the sacred (holy) ark – 2 Chronicles 35:3
- the ark of God’s strength – Psalm 132:8
Once again, we have the privilege of reading the verses, meditating, and seeing the character and nature of our God! All of this with redeeming man in His heart…all of this as a shadow, pointing to Jesus as our Great High Priest!
26 Such a High Priest truly meets our need—one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, He does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when He offered himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men in all their weakness; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.
8 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a High Priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by a mere human being.
3 Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. 4 If He were on earth, He would not be a priest, for there are already priests who offer the gifts prescribed by the law. 5 They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.”