17 “You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold. Two cubits and a half shall be its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. 18 And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work shall you make them, on the two ends of the mercy seat. 19 Make one cherub on the one end, and one cherub on the other end. Of one piece with the mercy seat shall you make the cherubim on its two ends. 20 The cherubim shall spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings, their faces one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be. 21 And you shall put the mercy seat on the top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the testimony that I shall give you. 22 There I will meet with you, and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim that are on the ark of the testimony, I will speak with you about all that I will give you in commandment for the people of Israel. Exodus 25:17-22
The Isaelites were instructed to create a lid to mount on top of the ark of the Testimony. It is called the mercy or cover seat. This lid was to measure 2’3″ x 3’9″ and have two cherubim facing each other on top whose wings were to overshadow the ark. These angels were to be made from pure gold.
It is believed that these two gold angels resembled winged angels in God’s presence (1 Samuel 4:4, Psalm 99:1, Isaiah 37:16). The cherubim would also be woven into the curtains that covered the tabernacle (Exodus 26:1-6) and those separating the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place (Exodus 26:31-33).
The Lord promise that He would meet with His people above the atonement cover between the two cherubim. Once a year, on the Day of Atonement, the high priest would enter the Holy of Holies and sprinkle the blood of the sacrifice on the mercy seat. This blood covered, made atonement for the sins of the people for another year.
The atonement cover (seat) symbolized for Israel what Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God accomplished when He made atonement for sin (Hebrews 9:11-10:14) by His shed blood at the cross. (Ephesians 1:7, 1 Peter 1:18-19).
Praising God today for the privilege that believers in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior have of coming in the presence of God through His blood!
19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, His body, 21 and since we have a Great Priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for He who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds, 25 not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching. Hebrews 10:19-25
Praise God! Hallelujah! Jesus is our mercy seat!