The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still functioning. Hebrews 9:8
The question Hebrews answers is which is superior, ritual or reality? How Great is our God to teach us that the Old Testament shadows pointed to the New Testament, Jesus Christ. The writer of Hebrews wants to emphasize that the Old Testament Covenant was earthly.
9 That first covenant between God and Israel had regulations for worship and a place of worship here on earth. 2 There were two rooms in that Tabernacle. In the first room were a lampstand, a table, and sacred loaves of bread on the table. This room was called the Holy Place. 3 Then there was a curtain, and behind the curtain was the second room called the Most Holy Place. 4 In that room were a gold incense altar and a wooden chest called the Ark of the Covenant, which was covered with gold on all sides. Inside the Ark were a gold jar containing manna, Aaron’s staff that sprouted leaves, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 5 Above the Ark were the cherubim of divine glory, whose wings stretched out over the Ark’s cover, the place of atonement. But we cannot explain these things in detail now.
6 When these things were all in place, the priests regularly entered the first room as they performed their religious duties. 7 But only the high priest ever entered the Most Holy Place, and only once a year. And he always offered blood for his own sins and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance. 8 By these regulations the Holy Spirit revealed that the entrance to the Most Holy Place was not freely open as long as the Tabernacle and the system it represented were still in use.
9 This is an illustration pointing to the present time. For the gifts and sacrifices that the priests offer are not able to cleanse the consciences of the people who bring them. 10 For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies—physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.
The last thing the Jews who had not accepted Jesus as their Lord and Savior wanted to hear was that the Old Covenant was being set aside. They wanted to know if the writer of Hebrews was saying that the Old Covenant had no value, no purpose, no worth. The writer says NO, the Old had come from God and had meaning and purpose. It was divine and beautiful but it was not God’s completed work.
The Old Covenant was an earthly sanctuary which is enough to let us know that it would not last. The writer then listed the chief features and made the comparison as can be read in the verses above. Only the high priest could enter into the presence of God and then only after making sacrifice for his own sin and the sins the people had committed.
“By these regulations the Holy Spirit revealed that the entrance to the Most Holy Place was not freely open as long as the Tabernacle and the system it represented were still in use (verse 8).” God wanted the Jews and us to understand that the old was only a type, a symbol, a picture of the reality that was to come, Jesus Christ.
Only Jesus is able to meet the deep, inner need of man.
Only Jesus can clear the conscience of a worshipper.
Only Jesus opens The Way to the Father.
“Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me (John 14:6).”